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雅思聽力section4高頻場景詞匯:Civilisation

雅思聽力section4高頻場景詞匯:Civilisation

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Now researchers have developed methodology to study the remains of one multiethnic neighborhood, using paleopathology, nutritional status and DNA, along with other techniques. And they’ve found that migrant groups appear to have competed amongst each other to obtain high-status goods and to manufacture items in demand by the city’s elites. The study is in the journal?Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Study author Linda Manzanilla of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México also points out that the city’s rulers controlled the flow of all raw materials coming in to Teotihuacán. She further suggests that the lower class immigrants’ competition with each other, the intermediate elite gaining economic power, and the ruling elite’s control over raw materials may have combined to contribute to the cultural tension that ultimately led to Teotihuacán’s collapse. Sound familiar?

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archaeological site:歷史遺址,考古遺址

cultural landmark:文化里程碑

tourist attraction:旅游名勝

pyramids and plaza:太陽金字塔和廣場

urban center:城市中心

Diverseadj 不同的,多樣的

preindustrial cities:前工業化城市

Migrantsn 移民 adj 移居的,流浪的

streamed in:蜂擁而至

Ethnicitiesn 種族劃分

Eruptions:n 爆發,噴發,火山灰

Volcanoesn 火山

work forces:勞動力

Craftspeople:手藝人

construction workers:建筑工人

military personnel:軍人 personnel: n.全體人員 adj 人員的

Methodology:方法論

Multiethnicadj 多民族的

paleopathologyn 古代病理學

along with:隨著

high-status:高等級

Elites:經營

Rulers:統治者

Intermediatevi 起媒介作用 n 媒介 adj 中間的

Combineadj 結合的 v 使得結合,聯合

Ultimatelyadv 最終,基本上

collapsevi/vt 崩塌,倒塌,暴跌 n 失敗,衰亡

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