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雅思聽力多選題應該如何解答?

雅思聽力多選題應該如何解答?

雅思聽力方法之多選題

一、同義替換

同義替換是英語聽力單選題的關鍵考試點,多選題毫無疑問都不列外,同義詞交換給學生導致的疑慮點也顯而易見,要是沒有聽得懂原文的含意,那麼沒辦法將原文相對內容與選項內容相匹配上,也就立即造成 回答選不對乃至立即覺得回答都沒在英語聽力原文里出現過.多選題和單項選擇題很像,同義替換的部位不但會在選項上,一樣也會在題目里邊,并且同義替換的方法變化多端.

好运快三开户例如,劍橋4 Test2 Section3的第25, 26兩題:

好运快三开户What TWO disadvantages of the questionnaire form of data collection do the students discuss?

好运快三开户A. the data is sometimes invalid

B. Too few people may respond

好运快三开户C. It is less likely to reveal the unexpected

D. In can only be used with literate populations

好运快三开户E. There is a delay between the distribution and return of questionnaire

原文:

ROSA: No, I’m sure it talked drawbacks as well, didn’t it? Something about the response rate and the problems you get if it’s too low. (B)

好运快三开户MICK: Yeah, but we only need data from five subjects anyway.

ROSA: I suppose so. Another drawback I remember it mentioned was that questionnaire data tends not to reveal anything unexpected (C), because it is……

好运快三开户大家不會太難發覺,難題之中的disadvantage這個詞,換為了drawback, 也有選項B中的few換成了too low.這種同義替換全是最基礎的同義詞、近義詞間的交換.

并且這種同義替換全是普遍的,反復出現的,因此難度系數并不大.針對那樣的題型換句話說那樣的同義替換,學生們毫無疑問要在平常多累積普遍的同義替換的英語單詞、短語,多去拓寬某一個英語單詞的同義詞、近義詞.就拿上邊哪個事例之中disadvantage 和drawback的同義替換而言,在劍橋3、劍橋7、劍橋9之中出現了最少4次.

好运快三开户自然也是有同義替換難度系數較為大的,例如:劍橋6 Test1 Section4的第38, 39, 40三題:

Which THREE of the following problems are mentioned in the connection with 20th century housing in the East End?

好运快三开户A. Unsympathetic landlords

好运快三开户B. Unclean water

C. Heating problems

好运快三开户D. High rents

E. Over crowing

F. Poor standards of building

G. Houses catching fire

回答C, E, F在原文中相匹配的內容為:

好运快三开户Houses were crowded closely together and usually very badly built. (F)

Few houses had electricity at this time, so other sources of power were used, like coal for the fires which heated perhaps just one room. (C)

好运快三开户A tiny, damp, unhealthy house like this might well be occupied by two full families, possibly including several children, grandparents, aunts and uncles. (E)

那樣的同義替換是一種歸納小結型的同義替換,那樣的更換方法沒有辦法死記硬背,由于每一次更換的內容都能夠不一樣,不象同義詞近義詞的對等更換,歸納小結型的同義替換是一種依附特性的更換,選項在含意上把原文內容含意高寬比歸納,進而做到一種相匹配,那樣的更換不但規定學生聽得懂原文之中語句的含意,并且也要有同義詞交換的積極觀念,換句話說要可以在聽得懂含意的基本上積極的去思索聽得懂的信息內容是不是與某一選項配對.不然,許多學生便會聽得懂原文含意,但沒有反映回來聽懂的意思能夠和哪家選項相匹配.

二、干擾

干擾實際上不但在多選題之中有,單項選擇題、填空都是有干擾.在多選題中,干擾大多數是選項內容與英語聽力原文中的內容一部分乃至完全一致,但從合乎文題的視角,該選項不可以做為恰當選項.簡易想來便是聽見但不可以選.同義替換早已沒辦法了,為何也要設計方案干擾做為此外一個難題?由于有時同義替換的難度系數不足爽爆,另配上干擾,那樣針對劍橋而言就極致了!干擾的狀況在多選題之中較為非常容易分辨,能夠大概分成全部選項干擾、一部分選項干擾及其難題標準干擾.

好运快三开户最先以劍橋5 Test1 Section1的第五, 6兩名為例:

Which TWO things are included in the price of the tour?

好运快三开户A. Fishing trip

B. Guided bushwalk

好运快三开户C. Reptile park entry

D. Table tennis

E. Tennis

好运快三开户這題便是上邊說的全部選項干擾的一題,依據英語聽力原文:

好运快三开户You guide will take anyone who is interested either on a bushwalk through the national park near the hotel, and there’s no extra charge for that, or on a fishing trip. That’s an extra $12 I think. And there is also a reptile park in town-that costs more or less the same. And if you just want to relax, you are free to sit by the hotel pool or go down the beach. Oh, they also have tennis courts at the hotel, but you have to pay for those by the hour. But there are table tennis tables downstairs, and they are part of the accommodation package……

A-E全部五個選項在英語聽力原文之中都出現了,要是沒有聽得懂含意,而僅僅聽英語單詞,這題難度系數就挺大了,因此一定要關心合乎題型“are included in the price of the tour”規定的選項.這類全部選項干擾的狀況能夠在立意的情況下就預測出去,一般選項內容簡易且不太非常容易做同義替換的情況下,非常容易出現全部選項都會英語聽力中再現的狀況,假如學生們能在立意時發覺這一點,進而提示自身一定不可以再聽見什么就選哪些,一定要關心合乎難題內容的信息內容,那樣做對的概率會大大增加.

好运快三开户特別注意的是,在選項所有在英語聽力原文中再現的這類多選題中,并不是同義替換就不會有了,僅僅沒有選項到了,同義替換的部位很有可能會在題目之中,以上題,“are included in the price of the tour”就被換成了2種叫法“no extra charge”和“part of the accommodation package”,且后一種同義替換的難度系數十分大,許多涮羊肉也沒有反映回來它是酒店住宿裝包花費的一部分的含意,也就是花費已包含的意思.

實際上,假如全部選項都會英語聽力中再現,還能夠用枚舉法去去除不正確選項,剩余的便是恰當選項了,換句話說即使不清楚“part of the accommodationpackage”的含意選出不來E來,也應當了解D. table tennis是必須pay by the hour的,也就是和“are included in the price of the tour”含意反過來,A,C選項還可以用一樣的方法去除.

好运快三开户再以不久提及的劍橋大學6 Test1 Section4的第38, 39, 40三名為例:

實際上這題的難度系數遠遠不止恰當選項C, E, F的同義替換,如果我們看一下全部選項及其題型有關的全部英語聽力內容就不會太難發覺,實際上這題也是有干擾,這類狀況便是上邊說的一部分選項干擾,即并不一定選項都出現,僅僅在其中好多個選項出現,而且有的具備干擾作用:

A. Unsympathetic landlords

好运快三开户B. Unclean water

好运快三开户C. Heating problems

D. High rents

E. Over crowing

好运快三开户F. Poor standards of building

G. Houses catching fire

A-G 7個選項相匹配的全部英語聽力原文內容為:

Houses were crowded closely together and usually very badly built, because there was no regulation. But the poor and needy were attracted by the possibility of work, and they had to be housed. It was the availability, rather than the condition, of the housing that was the major concern for tenants and landlords alike. Few houses had electricity at this time, so other sources of power were used, like coal for the fires which heated perhaps just one room. Of course, the smoke from these contributed a great deal to the air pollution for which London used to be famous. A tiny, damp, unhealthy house like this might well be occupied by two full families, possibly including several children, grandparents, aunts and uncles.

不會太難發覺,原文中有landlords一詞,這個詞也出現在了A選項中,組成了干擾,特別是在針對沒有聽太清晰這一語句含意的學生,將會會想選A, 終究有一個原文中出現的英語單詞,實際上在選項字比較多較為非常容易做同義替換的多選題之中,當有選項內容或是一部分內容原文再現的情況下,那樣的選項不但不可以馬上覺得恰當,并且也要深思熟慮是不是會是干擾;“the smoke from these contributed……”,許多同學們也會由于這一一部分而挑選G, 由于前邊說在房屋里燃煤供暖,這兒又說起煙,聯絡起來自身想象一下覺得可能是說房屋非常容易因為燃煤供暖而起火起煙,因而這兒的G也是一個干擾,且這一干擾針對水準稍好,能聽得懂一部分內容而不是所有內容的同學們而言特別是在具備欺騙性,由于這一選項沒有以前的干擾方法那麼簡單直接的就將原文再現,只是疑是干了一下同義替換,它是較為難的一種干擾選項的出現方法,即依據原文內容干了一部分的含意同義替換,但全部選項含意還是和原文不符合的,那樣的干擾選項的清除就必須學生聽得懂不止是某好多個詞,只是整句.

最終以劍橋大學6 Test4 Section3的第28, 29, 30名為例:

這道多選題除開不久說的這些干擾和同義替換狀況以外,也有此外一種干擾存有,這類干擾并不是單純性運用選項和英語聽力原文的相似度開展干擾,這類干擾還和難題相關,也就是上邊常說的難題標準干擾:

Which THREE topics do this term’s study skill workshop cover?

好运快三开户大家只看在其中的選項A. An introduction to the Internet相匹配的英語聽力原文的內容“the one for internet beginners was last term”和題型規定的this term反過來,此外的一部分與A選項的含意徹底一樣,便是時間限制讓A選項變成不正確項、干擾項.并且,根據小結發覺,難題之中最常當做干擾內容的便是時間限制標準,且那樣的干擾也會出現在單選題之中.因而,之后在難題之中見到表示時間限定的內容要加多當心,原文中將會也有另一個時間限制.

三、題型長短

好运快三开户自然,劍橋大學6 Test4 Section3的第28, 29, 30題將會不止是同義詞交換和干擾是難題,這一多選題難還由于題型的長短:

Which THREE topics do this term’s study skill workshop cover?

好运快三开户A. An introduction to the Internet

好运快三开户B. How to carry out research for a dissertation

C. Making good use of the whole range of library services

D. Planning a dissertation

E. Standard requirements when writing a dissertation

好运快三开户F. Using the Internet when doing research

G. What books and technical resources are available in the library

念完難題和七個選項的時間只能類似10秒左右,這一時間顯而易見不足,即使能夠在要求時間內念完選項,在刷題的情況下,那么多文本內容在邊聽邊要作出挑選的情況下也是一種極大的挑戰.因此在做多選題的情況下,假如能給選項歸類,那么就能夠大大的減少邊聽邊找選項的工作壓力,把必須看的選項變小到一定范疇.不會太難發覺,上題的七個選項能夠分3類,一類里邊有internet的A, F;一類是有dissertation的B, D, E;一類是有library的C, G, 這樣一來,當英語聽力中提及例如internet的情況下,大家就無需每一個選項都去看看是不是合乎,只必須去看看A, F, 那樣大大的減少了刷題難度系數.

好运快三开户總而言之,從刷題次序視角來講,多選題的答題防范措施能夠簡易歸納成:看歸類,看干擾點,聽同義替換.把握這3點,多選題一下子褪掉了繁雜的外套,露出實質,更易評分.

你和雅思的故事 - Go Hard or Go Home

發表于 2020-05-07

雅思考試攻略

掌握雅思聽力多選題的歸類

雅思聽力多選題一般分成二種題目,第一種是五選二,即得出五個選擇項(A-E),讓學生挑選出兩個恰當選擇項;第二種是七選三,即從七個選擇項(A-G)中挑選出三個恰當選擇項.

掌握雅思聽力信號詞

好运快三开户表達次序關聯的信號詞:最先:first, for a start, in the first place, to begin with隨后:second, after that, next, then, subsequently最終:finally, at last, in the end, last but not least

好运快三开户表達并列關系的信號詞:meanwhile, at the same time, as well as, together with, also, toofor one thing, for another; on the one hand, on the other hand

好运快三开户表達解釋說明的信號詞:that is, in particular, I mean, namely, especially, actually, in other words, that is to say, specially, another way of saying

好运快三开户表達轉折點和比照的信號詞:although, by/in contrast, as a matter of fact, nevertheless, instead, however, otherwise, while, though, but, despite, on the contrary, in spite of, yet, whereas

好运快三开户表達例舉和補充的信號詞:and in addition to, one more thing, what’s more, besides, either, for instance, for example, furthermore, such as, like, likewise, similarly, moreover

表達邏輯關系的信號詞:as a result, therefore, so, for this reason, because, consequently, thus

好运快三开户表達梳理依據:as a result, altogether, finally, in short, therefore, overall, in sum, thus, on the whole, in brief, to conclude, in a word, consequently, to sum up, to summarize, in conclusion

語氣詞:well, you know, in fact, hmm.

掌握出題人的出題思路

1. 利與弊探討

好运快三开户e.g. What TWO advantages does the speaker say Rexford University has for the students he is speaking to? (C5T3S2)

2. 邏輯關系

e.g. Which TWO reasons does Jeannie give for deciding to leave some college clubs? (C8T4S3)

3. 包括是否

e.g. Which TWO things are included in the price of the tour? (C5T1S1)

4. 個人行為方法

e.g. In which TWO ways is Dan financing his course? (C8T4S3)

5. 關鍵關鍵點

e.g. Which THREE of the following problems are mentioned in connection with 20th century housing in the East End? (C6T1S4)

因而我們要確立評委的出題思路進而尋找精準定位方位,捕獲重要信息.

發表于 2020-05-07
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